Great Article on  the effects of Music for Alzheimer's

What is the purpose of all Diversional activities?

Diversional Therapy involves the organisation, design, coordination and implementation of client-centred leisure-based activity programs. The aim of which is to improve the quality of life through ongoing support and development of clients psychological, emotional, spiritual, social and physical needs and well being. 


Health effects of social isolation, loneliness research has linked social isolation and loneliness to higher risks for a variety of physical and mental conditions: high blood pressure, heart disease, obesity, a weakened immune system, anxiety, depression, cognitive decline, Alzheimer's disease, and even death 

How does loneliness affect the elderly? They found that loneliness has several adverse effects on the elderly population. First of all, seniors who reported loneliness also reported high levels of functional decline. ... In fact, loneliness can increase someone's blood pressure by up to 30 points. 

IMPACT OF  DIVERSIONAL THERAPY   it builds on opportunities to create a physical and social environment which safeguards clients from depression and anxiety 

Physical Benefits of Diversional Therapy

  • Lower heart rate and blood pressure.
  • Increased muscle strength, lung capacity, and bone mass.
  • Improved immune system.
  • Lower chance of developing diabetes or heart disease.


When seniors are diagnosed with dementia, their entire world needs to be adjusted. The memory loss, cognitive decline, and mood swings could be a lot to bear, which is why reassurance is very useful in dementia care. Here are some of the ways reassurance can benefit seniors living with dementia.  

Restores Confidence-You can restore your loved one's confidence by saying something positive like, "You can do it next time." This lets your loved one know that although he or she didn't do something right, you still believe in his or her abilities.

Relieves Anxiety-reassuring your loved one that he or she will be okay and that everyone is there to help out could calm the situation and relieve the stress and anxiety. You can also reassure your loved one with a smile.

Helps Alleviate paranoia-Seniors with dementia experience hallucinations from time to time. For instance, they may think they hear people talking in a room when the room is empty or hold conversations with imaginary people. Some seniors won't experience any hallucinations until they are asleep. Regardless of when your loved one hallucinates or becomes paranoid, be reassuring and soothing to direct his or her focus elsewhere.

Enhances their Mood- reassure your loved one multiple times throughout the day.

Eases Fear- Hold your loved one's hand and let him or her know you are in this together and that you will take care of each other. Calming and reassuring a senior with dementia can be difficult at times

Types of Diversional Therapy

Sensory enrichment, activities such as pet therapy, aromatherapy and massage. Education sessions, discussion groups such as cooking, beauty care, and grooming. Music, outings, computers, gentle exercise, gardening, games, arts and crafts. Social support and individual emotional support. 

 Angry or frustrated Alzheimer's/ Dementia here are some Tips

Use a calm tone of voice and avoid outward displays of distress, upset, anger, or fear. These signs are often detected by the angry person and will likely make their own distress and agitation worse. If possible, remove yourself from the room or situation. Give yourself and the person time to calm down. 


Six in 10 people with dementia will wander. A person with Alzheimer's may not remember his or her name or address and can become disoriented, even in familiar places. Wandering among people with dementia is dangerous, but there are strategies and services to help prevent it. 

Having a routine can provide structure 

Identify the most likely times of day that wandering may occur. Plan activities at that time. Activities and exercise can reduce anxiety, agitation and restlessness. 

Reassure the person if he or she feels lost, abandoned or disoriented. If the person with dementia wants to leave to "go home" or "go to work," use communication focused on exploration and validation. Refrain from correcting the person. For example, "We are staying here tonight. We are safe and I'll be with you. We can go home in the morning after a good night's rest." 

Ensure all basic needs are met. Has the person gone to the bathroom? Is he or she thirsty or hungry? 

Avoid busy places that are confusing and can cause disorientation 

Place locks out of the line of sight. Install either high or low on exterior doors, and consider placing slide bolts at the top or bottom. 

Use devices that signal when a door or window is opened. This can be as simple as a bell placed above a door or as sophisticated as an electronic home alarm. 

Provide supervision. Do not leave someone with dementia unsupervised in new or changed surroundings. Never lock a person in at home or leave him or her in a car alone 

Keep car keys out of sight. If the person is no longer driving, remove access to car keys - a person with dementia may not just wander by foot. The person may forget that he or she can no longer drive. If the person is still able to drive, consider using a GPS device to help if they get lost.

Types of Recreation

  • Physical activities (sports, games, fitness, etc.)
  • Social activities (parties, banquets, picnics, etc.)
  • Camping and outdoor activities (day camps, resident camps, backpacking, float trips, etc
  • Arts and crafts activities (painting, scrapbooking, ceramics, woodworking, etc.)

What is the difference between an Occupational Therapist and a Diversional Therapist? 

Occupational Therapist focuses in the areas of seating and positioning, pressure application and relief and wound care. The Diversional therapist is responsible for meeting patients' leisure needs 

Philosophy of Diversional Therapy

Clients will have a choice of leisure activities designed for them, to enhance their quality of life through ongoing support and development of their intellectual, emotional, spiritual, social, cultural, sexual and physical well being.